The EU Commission has proposed an increase of the EU’s external action instruments in its communication on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF). In total, € 70 billion will be allocated, mainly for the EU Development Policy (DP) and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).
Development Policy. From € 10 billion in 2007-2013 to € 20.6 billion in 2014-2020 for the Development Cooperation Instrument. The total budget proposed for the 11th European Development Fund (financed by an intergovernmental EU-27 agreement) is € 30.3 billion, around € 8 billion more than the previous Fund. The Commission maintains its contribution (20%) to the total EU Development Aid (Commission plus Member States). The Commission proposed these figures after making the calculations to meet its commitment of spending: 0.7 % of GNP by 2015 (around € 50 billion).
Neighbourhood Policy. The Commission proposes to increase by 40% the support to the 16 countries taking part in the ENP (Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine) up to € 16.1 billion. The assistance will be distributed through a new European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) focusing the promotion of political, economic and social reforms, the agreed priorities in the ENP action plans and supporting approximation to EU policies and standards.
The budget for Enlargement will remain almost at the same level as in 2007-2013 (€ 11.4 billion) with € 12.5 billion. A proposal for a new Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) will be presented at the end of 2011. Following Croatia’s accession, expected on 1st July 2013, pre-accession support will cover Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey. These countries will benefit from two other external policy instruments: the Macro-Financial Assistance (€ 0.6 billion) and the Instrument for Stability (€ 2.5 billion).
The Commission will also propose a Partnership Instrument (€ 1 billion) to support cooperation with third countries (developing or not) focusing particularly on strategic partners and the emerging countries. This will replace the cooperation financial instrument with industrialised countries and other high-income countries and territories.
Other EU external instruments are: Democracy and Human Rights, Humanitarian Aid, Nuclear Safety Cooperation.
You can find the policy fiche here: http://europa.eu/press_room/pdf/a_budget_for_europe_2020_-_part_ii_policy_fiches_en.pdf
Other external actions: Common Foreign and Security Policy, Civil Protection and Emergency Response Capacity, voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps, Guarantee Fund for External Actions and the Emergency Aid Reserve.
On 7 July, the Commission presented a new Action Plan for Neighbourhood Transport, with 20 actions for long and shorter term. It covers all transport dimensions (aviation, maritime and inland waterways, road and rail transport) an infrastructure connections. These actions would be co-financed, involving resources from the EU and Member States, but also from international financial institutions. This plan brings together already existing bilateral and regional transport cooperation agreements with these countries into a single policy. This policy will cover the 16 countries of the ENP and those covered by the enlargement policy (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Iceland, Turkey and Serbia). It will be implemented through currently existing frameworks in the Western Balkan and Southern regions, plus a new transport panel under the Eastern Partnership Initiative (therefore, also Belarus can be targeted, despite of the lack of bilateral relations with the EU). Russia can participate in some projects under certain conditions. This new framework will be launched at a ministerial conference next 24-25 October in Krakow (Poland).
After the Commission’s two communications on the Southern Mediterranean last March and May, € 85.5 million in commitments within the EU 2011 budget will be transferred to be used in Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan and Morocco. This additional funding will be distributed as an incentive on the basis of progress in the implementation of reform agendas (the “more-for-more” principle). Priority areas will be supporting civil society and people to people initiatives (e.g. Erasmus Mundus for student exchanges).
To reinforce its role in the area the EU has named a special representative for the Southern Mediterranean region in order to keep close contacts with all parties involved and to take part in the implementation of EU measures and tasks. The experienced Spanish diplomat Bernardino León has been named for this position by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the EU.
The EU decided to increase the Tempus IV Programme budget by € 17 million for 2011, up to a total of € 47 million. The aim of this programme, created in 1990, is to modernise higher education in EU neighbouring countries, including Russia, by modernising curricula, learning methods and teaching material. This programme also enables networking and joint projects and partnerships between higher education institutions in the EU and the neighbourhood countries.