Proposals to modify Schengen:

Proposals to modify Schengen, migration debates and visa policies with Romania and Bulgaria are being handled these days by many European actors. The Members States will probably ask to reform Schengen within this year, and create a safeguard mechanism to be used in exceptional circumstances.

 

Bulgaria and Romania have still faced some difficulties to enter the passport-free Schengen area. The European Parliament approved their accession last 8th June, but the Home Affairs Council met in Luxembourg the following day did not reach a final decision. France, Germany and the Netherlands still pose some doubts, and the decision has been shifted to the September Council during the Polish Presidency of the Union. The next question is the addition of political criteria (such as progress in the fight against corruption).

 

In any case, the EU Member States (MSs) will request the European Council on 23-24 June to reform the Schengen Treaty trough the creation of a safeguard mechanism to be used to restore identity checking at internal borders of the EU in exceptional circumstances. The 27 will agree to further develop a European border surveillance system by 2013 to enhance the sharing of information and cooperation between national authorities. The modernisation of the Schengen Information System (SIS) will lead to a “smart borders” operation. They will also agree on the revision of FRONTEX.

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